Iranian Revolution


The seeds of the Iranian revolution were first planted in 1952, when Britain declared Iran as a British enemy after losing control of the Iranian oil industry after Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh nationalized the Anglo Iranian Oil Company. The British then convinced newly elected president Eisenhower to help them oust Mossadegh, explaining that they thought Mossadegh had plans to become involved with the Soviets. They then organized a coup to oust Mossadegh and hired protestors to take to the streets. As a result of the coup, the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, became the prominent figure in Iranian politics and government. He was obsessed with westernization which soon became his downfall when a nationalistic extremist by the name of Ruhollah Khomeini started a revolution that he claimed would help remove the west from Iran. The Iranian public was angry at the west, most specifically the United Kingdom and the United States, for destroying their democracy, and Khomeini played off of this sentiment, making it the main focus of his movement. By 1977, Khomeini’s revolution was well underway. This committee will start on November 1st, 1979.

Background Guide

Background Guide - Iranian Revolution